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Ideal Wine Storage Temperature & Humidity Guide | Wine Collection

Ideal Wine Storage Temperature & Humidity Guide

Creating the perfect setting to store your wine collection is key to prolonging the lifespan of your finest bottles of wine. If you are currently creating a wine cellar in your home, or you’re looking to adjust your cellar temperature to improve how well your wine is kept, this is the guide for you! You are about to discover how humidity levels can impact your personal wine collection, the proper temperature to store red wine, and the best ways to keep sparkling wine and Champagne. As experts in wine storage solutions and cellar temperatures, take a look at our online collection of wine coolers, wine racks and wine cases from Capstone Wine Coolers now.

Wine storage temperature & humidity guide

Creating Your Wine Cellar

Most store-bought bottles of wines are best enjoyed within a couple of months, or around one to two years of purchase. But if you’re serious about vino, and you’ve invested in a couple of bottles of fine wine, you’ll need to know how to store them correctly. There is a lot to learn when it comes to caring for your wine stored. However, don't feel intimidated. If you’ve just begun to build your wine collection, we’ve created this guide to help you get started on the right track. Here are the basics you’ll need to know.

There is something really special about a mature bottle of wine, but after years of waiting and anticipation, the last thing you want is to be underwhelmed by your fine wine collection. Where you store your bottles and the cellar temperature can have a big impact on how well your wine ages, so it’s important to be aware of how different wines should be stored. Yes, some wines do well in a cool setting, but others require a slightly warmer climate. In fact, a couple of degrees difference can completely change the taste. Wine stored in a cellar underground is a traditional and tried and tested method, as it keeps your bottles cool and away from direct sunlight. If you happen to have a wine cellar in your home, you’ll have a great place to keep your wine safe as it ages, however, these days, many properties don’t have a cellar, but that shouldn’t stop you from becoming a wine connoisseur. 

There are plenty of storage solutions to help the modern-day wine collector achieve the ideal wine storage temperatures and conditions, no matter where you live. Since some bottles of wine can cost thousands of dollars, this investment needs to be protected and our experts are here to help. First, you need to consider the wine you’ve bought. Has it been created to be aged or enjoyed within a year? How long do you plan to store the wine? Will you drink the wine with friends and family, or do you plan to taste it slowly as it matures? Once you’ve assessed your wine collection goals it’s time to store your wine in the best way possible.

Wine storage temperature & humidity guide

Wine Cellar Temperature

To stop your wine from ageing too quickly, you need to have control of your cellar temperature. Over 70°F, your wine is likely to start ageing rapidly, and this can have a negative effect on the aromas, subtle flavors and tannins within your bottle. Wine stored under 65°F is best and if you live in a hot climate, it’s a good idea to invest in a professional wine cooler. You can take a look at our online collection of wine coolers here.

One big mistake many wine collectors make is keeping wine too cool. If your wine cellar temperature drops below 45°F, you risk damaging the wine. There is a big misconception that storing white wine in the fridge is OK. When you are collecting wine, and storing it for several months, a standard household fridge can cause your wine to freeze. As your wine bottles cool, the dry corks can get wet and allow air into the bottle. When this happens, condensation can start to form inside the bottle of wine, damaging the flavor and allowing air to mix with the wine. 

A wine cooler is the best way to ensure your wine is stored at the ideal temperature and can age to perfection over the years.

Wine storage temperature & humidity guide

Wine Storage Humidity Levels

Pay close attention to wine storage humidity. If your wine cellar or wine cooler is too dry, you can dry out the corks and allow air to spoil your wine. If the humidity is too high, on the other hand, your corks will become wet and can start to develop mold. A fluctuation in humidity and temperature can also damage wine bottle labels and start to weaken the glue holding them into the bottles. If your wine collection is part of an investment plan, this is going to impact how much your bottles are worth in the future. To control humidity, try to keep the cellar temperature stable and the air quality the same. If the conditions are kept stable, your wine collection will age far better over the years. To check the humidity levels in your cellar or wine cooler, invest in a mini digital humidity meter to monitor the temperature and humidity levels in your room or storage unit. You should be looking for a reading of around 50% to 70% for optimum wine storage humidity. If you get a reading of 80%, you run the risk of mold, mildew and potential damage to the wine itself and the label.

Wine storage temperature & humidity guide

Proper Temperature To Store Red Wine

Full-bodied red wine should be stored differently to white wine and Champagne. The proper temperature to store red wine is between 63°F and 66°F. This applies to Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Red Burgundy, Shiraz, Zinfandel, Port, Grand Cru Bordeaux, Recioto and other full-bodied red wines. 

If you have a wine collection featuring a combination of red and white wine, consider a dual zone wine cooler that allows you to store different types of wine at the optimum temperatures. 

Wine storage temperature & humidity guide

Best Temperature To Store White Wine

White wine should actually be stored slightly cooler than red wine. From as cool as 46°F for dry white wine such as Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc and other dry Italian whites, to 54°F for full-bodied Chardonnay. 

Some sparkling wine and Champagne can also be stored alongside white wine, as long as the temperature is around 46°F. Store Italian dry white wine with vintage Champagnes and Muscats and even Sake. Just remember to allow rice wine to come to room temperature before serving. 

How to Professionally Store Wine At Home

Bottles of wine should be stored horizontally in a wine rack, or wine cooler to protect the cork. This keeps the cork moist and will prevent it from drying out. To protect your most treasured bottles of wine from damage while ageing, you can pick up cellar sleeves or plastic protectors which will ensure the wine labels are kept in pristine condition. Keep your wine away from direct sunlight which can break down complex molecules in the wine that impact the flavor. That’s why most wine coolers feature a dark tinted glass door. Wine coolers should be placed away from any strong odours, such as cooking. Strong smells such as garlic and onions can linger and taint the flavor of your wine, especially if the cork has shrunk due to temperature fluctuations.

Collecting wine is a wonderful way to celebrate your love and passion for fine wine, and if you’re serious about protecting your collection, feel free to take a look at our online range of wine coolers. From single zone wine coolers, to built-in dual zone wine coolers, we have plenty of designs and sizes to choose from. 

For more inspiration and expert advice regarding fine wine collection, leave your email address below and check out our recent blog post: 5 Bottles To Add To Your Wine Collection This Winter.

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